North Central College - Naperville, IL

Poster Presentations

Poster Presentations 9:30 - 10:30 a.m.
Wentz Concert Hall and Fine Arts Center Lobby
(listed alphabetically by first author)

What is Rape? Investigating the FBI’s Faulty Definition of Rape
Nicole Autry ’11, Speech Communication Advisor: Mr. John Stanley, Speech Communication

Each year, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) publishes its Uniform Crime Report (UCR) to provide a nationwide view of crime statistics. The UCR wields great influence as a statistical tool because it gathers its information from law enforcement agencies representing nearly 300 million United States inhabitants. However, due to the UCR’s narrow definition of rape, the report misrepresents a significant aspect of crime data. The FBI defines rape as only occurring when a penis enters a vagina (FBI, 2010). The omission of serious sexual assault crimes leads a less than accurate depiction of the prevalence of rape in our society. This project identifies the harms produced by the current UCR definition and considers the causes perpetuating these problems. My research incorporates personal interviews with representatives from the FBI and other related organizations and presents potential solutions for remedying this faulty means of determining what constitutes “rape.”

Freedom or Slavery? Evaluating the Feminist Debate on Prostitution and Sex Trafficking
Joshua J. Bailey ’11, English: Writing, Political Science Advisor: Mr. Thomas Cavenagh, Economics & Business Administration

The legality of prostitution has been subject to controversy in Western societies for decades. Today, competing liberal and radical feminists control the philosophical debate on prostitution. Liberal feminists contend that prostitution is a civil right, and government should take steps to legalize the sex trade and improve working conditions for women. Radical feminists argue that prostitution is the most extreme form of gender inequality, and government should criminalize the purchasers and procurers of sexual services while treating the prostitute as the victim of male violence. In recent years, The Netherlands and Sweden have adopted opposing legal approaches toward prostitution that mirror rival feminists’ policy recommendations. This paper analyzes both laws paying close attention to the effect they have had on the demand for sex trafficking in those countries. Ultimately, this paper develops a model statute for prostitution in the United States and proposes a means of implementation.

Green Methodological Study of the BASIL Technique in Synthesis of Phosphorous-Oxygen bond Molecules
Marlon Brown ’11, Biochemistry Cassandra Schneider ’12, Chemistry Advisor: Dr. Paul Brandt, Chemistry

Using the BASIL technique (Biphasic Acid Scavenger Utilizing Ionic liquid), the synthesis of phosphorous-oxygen bonded molecules was conducted. Green synthesis allowed for the elimination or reduction of solvents and waste by creating a biphasic mixture. The biphasic mixture included an oily product on top with the ionic liquid on the bottom of the reaction vessel. Typically removing a product from a synthetic reaction requires more extensive methods such as recrystallization or distillation. However, the BASIL synthesis allows for an immediate, one-step extraction. In all of the reactions performed, starting materials consisted of a phosphine, either dichlorophenylphosphine (Cl2PPh) or chlorodiphenylphosphine (ClPPh2), with a variety of alcohols and N-methylimidazole (MeIm) as the acid scavenger. Both cyclic and acyclic compounds were formed. NMR spectroscopic analysis of all compounds was done using 31P [1H], 1H and 13C [1H]. Successful products were obtained from reactions A and B with 82 percent and 93 percent yields, respectively.

Effect of Stress on Test Performance
Carissa Boekeloo ’13, Psychology Danielle Keefe ’13, Psychology Sarah Morton ’13, Psychology Magdelana Plis ’13, Psychology Advisor: Dr. Mary Jean Lynch, Psychology

This study examined how stress can impact the time it takes to complete the Stroop Color and Word task. In the Stroop task participants are asked to read color words printed in a different color ink or to identify the ink color. Studies have found that reading the color words is easier than identifying the ink color. Other research has suggested that stress can disrupt the ability to attend to some tasks, while in other situations stress can enhance cognitive processes. In our experiment, the participants either read the color words or identified the ink colors; some were given a stressor and others were not. Preliminary results suggest there was a significant effect of task on completion time and a significant interaction of task and stress such that stress improved performance on the (easier) reading task but hurt performance on the (harder) color identification task.

Urban Planning: The Past, Present and Future
Debbie Boor ’11, Urban and Suburban Studies Advisor: Dr. Ann Durkin Keating, History

As part of an independent study capping my interdisciplinary major in urban studies, I explored the writings of key urban planners of the 20th century in order to identify key patterns and development. Through the work of planners ranging from Daniel Burnham to Jane Jacobs to Andres Duany, I found that modern Western planning emerged in response to pollution caused by rapid industrialization. Planners designed self-sustaining communities—Garden Cities and created parks. In addition, the City Beautiful movement changed the way planners envisioned the city. By the mid 20th century, urban renewal raged with the Charter of Athens movement, demolishing neighborhoods and developing high-rises. In the late 20th century, the New Urbanism movement sought to create well-balanced communities. Planners have affected urban development across the 20th century, transforming cities and suburbs. My research links past planning efforts with an eye toward the future.

The Abject Gaze in Katherine Dunn’s Geek Love: A Literary Exploration in Ceramic Sculpture
Jessica Brewster ’12, Art: Studio Art Advisor: Ms. Christine Rabenold, Art

“Just being visible is my biggest confession,” writes Katherine Dunn in her 1983 novel “Geek Love.” The abject bodies of our judgmental society know this truth all too well. Staring upon the assumed “Other,” or the freak, is a way to strengthen the boundaries surrounding our own unstable identities. In “Geek Love” this abject, “freakish” body is placed on display and venerated. The reader is engulfed with the knowledge that “normal” is not a universal on which to place our judgmental gaze, for we are all subjects and purveyors of it (Sartres, 1956). My project confronts this voyeuristic stare also present in art observation. Through a sculpted interpretation of the novel the audience is goaded into an encounter within the liminal space where the line between viewer and viewed is blurred. The spectator is forced to gaze upon difference and normalcy in a mutual confrontation.

On Broad Shoulders: German Immigrants and Labor in Chicago
Dustin Buse ’11, Classical Civilization, German, History Advisor: Dr. Bruce Janacek, History

German immigrants formed themselves into collective units; German “Turners” were a part of larger social organizations. This inquiry will focus on the German family unit and how that family unit created its own collective bonds during the latter part of 19th century. This aspect of German culture and cohesiveness in American culture has not been discussed in detail in the overall historical literature present. More importantly, this research adds to the overall craft of history by allowing the audience to view the Germans as they viewed themselves: as family within a broader German culture, or “Kultur.” Primary sources will be an integral part of the overall research, relying heavily on the workers’ story, and how the story of labor fits in with the overall story of German immigration in the United States during late 19th-century America.

1H NMR Analysis of Maillard Reaction Product Mixtures
Michael W. Curtis ’12, Biology Chris Allen ’12, Chemistry Emilio Saraga ’12, Elementary Education Advisor: Dr. Jeffrey Bjorklund, Chemistry

The Maillard reaction is an important reaction whose mechanism is unknown after the initial steps. The resulting taste, aroma and color from the baking of bread or browning of meat are due to the Maillard reaction products. The reaction occurs when a mixture of proteins and sugars are heated for an extended period at high temperatures. We used a simplified model system where one sugar and one amino acid were intimately mixed and heated. Fructose, glucose, maltose and sucrose were the sugars and glycine was the amino acid. The goal of this investigation was to determine the degree of similarity between the Maillard reaction product mixtures resulting from the different sugars. The products were analyzed using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). Each 1H NMR spectra was analyzed by integration in 0.1ppm increments. Multivariate statistical analysis of these areas allowed us to determine the similarity of these reaction mixtures.

Chicago Food Deserts and Power: A Policy Analysis
Katie C. Dahlstrom ’11, English: Print Journalism Advisor: Dr. Ann Durkin Keating, History

The transformation of food from a life-supporting necessity to an economy-boosting commodity has adversely affected the condition of locations throughout the world. This study explores Chicago’s food deserts and their causes and implications. By definition, a food desert is not a place for want of all foods, but of healthy foods. Chicago’s food deserts are located primarily on the west and south sides of the city. Using the South Side Chicago neighborhood of Englewood as a case study I argue that food deserts in Chicago are the product of a symbiotic relationship between a racially divided cityscape and the commoditization of food. The research methods employed include a quantitative academic literature search, as well as research about and interviews with community organizations. My analysis ends with an assessment of the existing and possible solutions, from corporate to grassroots, to eliminating food deserts like those in Englewood.

Exploring the Effects of YAK1 Expression on Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces bayanus
Samantha J. DeWerff ’13, Biochemistry Andrew Dubois ’13, Biology Kelly N. Rasmussen ’13, Biochemistry Advisor: Dr. Stephen Johnston, Biology

The YAK1 kinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae shares homology with the human DYRK1A protein implicated in Down syndrome pathology. YAK1 plays a role in S. cerevisiae’s ability to respond to environmental stimuli, including availability of food and the temperature. Previous work has shown that overexpressing YAK1 in S. cerevisiae can slow and even stop growth, induce pseudohyphenation and invasive growth. A close relative of S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces bayanus, exists at a different ecological niche. S. bayanus possesses a YAK1 gene that is interrupted by a stop codon, encoding a truncated and presumably nonfunctional Yak1 protein. We have shown that overexpressing S. cerevisiae YAK1 in S. cerevisiae and S. bayanus slows growth rates in both species. Yak1 in combination with α factor was found to be necessary for invasive growth in S. bayanus. Additionally the overexpression of Yak1 in S. cerevisiae leads to increased pseudohyphenation.

Icons: Traditional Pathways
Mary C. Dickinson ’13, French, Japanese Advisor: Dr. Perry Hamalis, Religious Studies

Icons play a prominent role in the Eastern Orthodox faith. They are said to translate “the heavenly into a comprehensible earthy language” (Bossakov 12-13). To the followers of Orthodox Christianity icons serve as links to the traditional practices of the Christian faith while expressing various teachings of the Orthodox faith. Drawing on a range of scholarly sources as well as first-hand experiences in Turkey and Greece, this study examines how the history of icons demonstrates the role of tradition within the Orthodox faith. In addition, it looks at the beliefs of community and connectivity by considering how they are represented in the creation as well as the substance of the icons. Finally, it covers how icons are involved in the worship process, arguing that tradition—most fundamentally—refers to that which is “handed on” with a faith community’s memory and experience of the sacred.

Separation and Quantification of SAM and SAH by Capillary Electrophoresis
Rosemary E. Forg ’11, Biochemistry Advisor: Dr. Jonathan Visick, Biology

The enzyme L-isoaspartyl protein carboxyl methyltransferase (PCM) is a protein repair mechanism for spontaneous isoaspartate protein damage (implicated in aging and some diseases). PCM’s activity is evaluated by monitoring levels of S-adenosyl-homocysteine (SAH) formed from S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM) during repair by PCM. Previous methods have been ineffective for PCM analysis at North Central College. As capillary electrophoresis (CE) has been shown effective in analyzing rodent tissue (Uthus, 2003), I sought to design a protocol for North Central College to detect SAM/SAH in Escherichia coli samples. I have been able to initialize the system, define program parameters, create CES protocols, and identify a buffer (50mM glycine pH 1.8) to obtain a stable current for separation. What remains is to detect a sample of SAM/SAH (pure/cell extract), identify retention times and create standard curves before this technique can be used by Dr. Visick’s E. coli lab in its research on aging.

Representation of German Culture in Secondary and Post-Secondary Textbooks
Bianca E. Gavin ’11, German Advisor: Dr. Gregory Wolf, German

Language textbooks are the main component in today’s language classrooms and serve as the basis for the language and cultural input that learners receive. My research explores six leading textbooks for the first-year secondary and post-secondary German language class: Neue Horizonte, Wie Geht’s, Deutsch Heute, Deutsch Aktuell, Vorsprung and Kontakte, and how they present German culture. My study focuses on how the German modes of behavior in thinking differ from other European countries. Emphasis is placed on what makes German culture different from other cultures and how the textbooks reveal these differences. In addition, my research provides a statistical analysis using the information gathered from these six textbooks and includes how many different cities are displayed through images and mentioned in the texts, as well as what different religions are pointed out.

Race and Gender Bias in Jury Selection Jaclyn M. Kaczmarek ’11, Psychology Advisor: Dr. Mary Jean Lynch, Psychology Pretty Little Things: Violence and Misogyny in Renaissance Art and Its Influence on Contemporary Visual Media
Jessica Kidd ’12, Art: Studio Art Advisor: Dr. Wendy Koenig, Art

Race and gender discrimination during peremptory challenge was examined in a mock jury selection. Participants were asked to assume the role of a prosecuting attorney and fill the last open position on a 12-person jury. Previous studies have found that black and female prospective jurors are more often eliminated from juries than are white and male prospective jurors. In the present study, individuals were significantly more likely to select women than men, but there was not a significant difference based on race. The majority of subjects provided race and gender neutral reasons when asked to justify their selections. These findings suggest that gender plays a role in jury selection, and that most individuals do not admit to committing this illegal act. Additionally, the kinds of choices given to participants may affect how they make their selections, which may explain why this study’s results are different than those of previous studies.

A Qualitative Look at Relapse and Associated Triggers in Eating Disorders Through the Process of Recovery
Kristin Kiper ’11, Psychology Advisor: Dr. Patricia Schact, Psychology

This observational study examines the various aspects of individuals on their path to recovery. Past research has focused on recovery experiences with women undergoing treatment and the various predictors that influence relapse during the recovery process. Other research has focused on personal aspects, such as their sense of self, in relation to those afflicted with an eating disorder. In this study, observations included the recovery process and some of the complications that arise in that process, while pursuing an internship at the National Association for Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. Through observation, it is hypothesized that conversations with those affected with eating disorders and participation in support group meetings that are focused on eating disorder recovery will show that relapse can be triggered by several internal and external variables. Some of these variables include self-esteem, body image, peer group involvement, perfectionism and family support.

John Dillinger, America’s Last Social Bandit: How the Media Turned a Criminal Into Cultural Legend During the Great Depression
Gaetano N. LoPresti ’11, History, Sociology: Criminal Justice Advisor: Dr. Bruce Janacek, History

John Dillinger was a famous American bank robber who, between 1933 and 1934, rocked the Midwest United States with a crime spree unlike any before or since. While many writers and historians have explored Dillinger the man, this study looks at how Dillinger’s public image and notoriety were created in the media, but were also influenced by Depression-era politics and Dillinger’s charisma. Placing Dillinger in the context of a social bandit, this study analyzes how his portrayal in print media influenced his fame and popularity during his crime spree. The study finds that as Dillinger’s popularity increased, the public’s perception of him changed from common criminal to a wily desperado, akin to frontier outlaws of the American West, such as Jesse James. The study concludes that John Dillinger’s most important influence to American history is his influence on modern pop culture as a morality tale and through Hollywood cinema.

The Characterization of Bacillus Species Through Erythromycin Sensitivity and Sporulation
Megan Malone ’13, Biology Kate Lueders ’12, Biology Advisor: Dr. Nancy Peterson, Biochemistry

Bacillus bacteria are able to survive and multiply in nearly all environments. Under conditions of stress such as starvation or heat, these bacteria develop into dormant structures called spores that are highly resistant to these stresses. The structure of the spore’s coat is not well understood in Bacillus species beyond B. anthracis, which causes anthrax and B. cereus. In this study, we characterized the lesser-known wild-type Bacillus species by their sensitivity to the antibiotic erythromycin and their patterns of spore formation. Spores were gram-stained to determine structure. Of the 48 species tested, 40 species were found sensitive to erythromycin and each also had a unique pattern of spore formation. This data can be used in future experiments when Bacillus mutants lacking a gene coding for a spore protein are compared to the wild-types we have characterized. This work will enable us to better understand the structure of the Bacillus spore coat.

Akari: The Making of a Graphic Novel
Melissa J. Massey ’11, English: Writing, Art: Studio Art Advisor: Dr. Francine Navakas, English

There are many ways one might tell a story, but only a few are accepted as legitimate. Over the past few years, the graphic novel has expanded to tackle more serious issues and tell deeper stories than ever before, with Art Spiegelman’s “Maus” demonstrating one such approach. Even so, scholars remain skeptical of the graphic novel as a serious method of conveying narrative. From another angle, the graphic novel is not accepted as an art form either, but often is viewed as simple cartoons. This project involves the creation of an original fictional narrative in graphic novel form supplemented by scholarly discussion of boundary-crossing within the genre, informed by the history of graphic novels. Through this means, I seek to demonstrate that the graphic novel is able to be taken seriously as both art and literature, and that the form lends itself to exploring thematic issues of boundary-crossing.

Neurotoxin Isolation From Ambystoma tigrinum Through the Synthesis of a cDNA Library
Cody T. McCullough ’11, Biochemistry Monica M. Bienias ’11, Biochemistry Advisor: Dr. Nancy Peterson, Biochemistry

Ambystoma tigrinum is a thick-bodied, yellow-spotted salamander that secretes a toxic and adhesive substance from the granular glands of the tail as a defensive mechanism. Previous work from the Peterson lab has shown that the secretion is proteinaceous, but the adhesive property of the secretion makes the neurotoxin difficult to isolate and study directly. Therefore, our lab has been working for the past three years to create a cDNA library from the tail tissue of A. tigrinum to circumvent this problem. Our objective was to create this library for use in isolating the neurotoxin gene. Throughout our research study, we have successfully isolated total RNA from the tail tissue, but we were unable to completely isolate mRNA, which is still a current goal. This research will hopefully allow a better understanding of the salamander defense mechanism, as well as the effect of neurotoxins on the activity of the nervous system.

Motion Analysis of Backhand Throwing Techniques in Ultimate Frisbee
Joseph McCudden ’11, Health/Physical Education: Athletic Training Advisor: Ms. Kendall Selsky, Health/Physical Education

There has not been any significant research on the sport of Ultimate Frisbee. According to a CNBC report, 4.9 million people played competitive Ultimate Frisbee in 2008 (Rovell, 2009). Two articles focus on the injuries of the sport, a less than scientific method. Both studies end their articles by stating there is a need for more research in the subject (Yen, 2010; Reynolds, 2006). This study focuses on the biomechanics of the most common throw in Ultimate Frisbee: the backhand technique. This requires the filming of participants while throwing this style. There are two groups of experienced and inexperienced throwers. Joint angles will be measured and compared. The results will be reviewed to qualitatively determine the correct motion in this style of throwing. Implications of these results are discussed, suggestions for improving the study are made, and suggestions for further research are made.

Blind or Constructive: How Different Types of Patriotism are Related to Political Concepts
William Miller ’12, History, Political Science Advisor: Dr. Suzanne Chod, Political Science

Patriotism has often appeared to be one dimensional; however, as Robert Schatz suggests, “numerous theoretical distinctions have been proposed” (Schatz, 152). The most common distinction is between blind “positive evaluation and stanch allegiance” (Schatz, 151) and constructive “criticism…intended to result in positive change” (Schatz, 151). These types of patriotism have had been distinguished by political scientists who tested how each is related to different aspects, like voting, political knowledge or political attitudes. However, there is a hole within this research area, because the relations established between blind and constructive patriotism and the things associated with them have not been combined together. By combining the literature on these types of patriotism, I hope to provide a better understanding of how these concepts relate to and diverge from each other. This will provide a better picture of how types of patriotism interact in the real world and not in a vacuum.

Why Did the Equal Rights Amendment Fail in Illinois? Grassroots, Press Coverage and Political Maneuvering for and Against the ERA
Lisa Mueller ’11, History, Spanish Advisor: Dr. Ann Durkin Keating, History

After the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment by Congress in 1972, a ratification fight raged in many states for a decade. Illinois was one of the states that failed to ratify the ERA, despite several close votes by the General Assembly. Existing scholarship suggests that anti-ERA leader Phyllis Schlafly captured attention with her conservative protesters. As well, historians have noted the disorganization of pro-ERA groups and the three-fifths majority required to pass the amendment as reasons the amendment failed in Illinois. Through a careful reading of news and editorial coverage of the ERA debate in the Republican newspaper Chicago Tribune, I have found that while the Tribune editorial board endorsed ratification, they felt that it was unnecessary in the general scheme of women’s rights. Letters to the editor, including those of Schlafly, featured more mixed opinions on whether the general populace wanted the ERA to succeed or fail.

Attractiveness and Entitlement: The Relationship Between Looks and Power
Stephanie C. O’Neil ’11, Psychology Advisor: Dr. Thomas Sawyer, Psycholgoy

Sell, Tooby and Cosmides (2009) previously examined the relationship between self-perceptions of attractiveness and self-perceptions of entitlement. They found a positive correlation between these two variables for both males and females. The current study examines the relationship between perceptions of attractiveness and entitlement, defined as special privileges, special treatment and ability to bend/break standards. The author gave participants forms that contained a face-only photo and several statements, to which participants could agree or disagree. Photos were previously judged as attractive or unattractive. Male participants were given female photos, while female participants were given male photos. Results indicate a main effect of photo attractiveness on perceptions of entitlement. Also, results show that attractiveness affects participants’ impressions of the photo. As with previous findings, perceptions of entitlement are greater in those who are more attractive over those who are less attractive.

Victim or Perpetrator? An Exploration of How Austria Comes to Terms With a Controversial Past Through the Public Sphere
Allison M. Pawelczyk ’11, German, International Business Advisor: Dr. Gregory Wolf, German

One challenge that persistently confronts national governments is how the country as a collective unit can come to terms with its past, in particular, through constructions in the public sphere. Austria, specifically, still deals with this notion, also known as Vergangenheitsbewältigung. Through primary observations I investigate three cities in Austria with direct connections to World War II and their methods of reconstructing a national past located within each, including exploration of museums, monuments and memorials. One of the locations is Mauthausen, a notorious concentration camp site. The second city under investigation is Salzburg, which, when explored, reveals subtle images of a time when the picturesque town lay in the shadows of the Third Reich. Lastly, I explore several museums and controversial monuments scattered throughout the capital city Vienna. I report on the physical setup of each site with focus on what historical information exhibits include and even exclude.

Automation of Franck Hertz Experiment Control and Data Acquisition
Gilberto Perez ’12, Physics Advisor: Dr. Paul Bloom, Physics

Electron Impact Spectroscopy was used by Franck and Hertz in the early 20th century to show that energy levels of mercury atoms are quantized. This measurement is repeated regularly by intermediate physics students all over the world. But the manual data collection techniques employed are cumbersome and the resultant data is of poor quality resulting in a degraded learning experience. We improved the data collection procedure by employing computer-driven experiment control and data acquisition, using a custom-written LabVIEW virtual instrument. We present data collected with this new methodology with a sample analysis of the data. To verify the improvement of the quality of the data, we also present the data generated from the traditional technique.

The Style of Sleeping Beauty: An Analysis of Cross-Cultural Translations
Emily L. Rademaker ’12, Classical Civilization, German Advisor: Dr. Gregory Wolf, German

According to the Translator’s Charter, translators are expected to both “render exactly” as well as avoid literal translation in the hope of communicating the “form, the atmosphere and deeper meaning” (Wilson 51). Though outwardly incongruous, the Translator’s Charter offers insight into the difficult task a translator faces. The Kinder-und Hausmärchen [tr. Children and Household Tales] of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm have been translated from German to American culture via film, television, epic poetry and even erotic interpretation. Each version relies on stylistic quality, which classifies the translator’s work as success or failure, as well as social context of the target language and of the source language. When translating from German to English, cultural context and socio-pragmatic content must be examined and applied or the translator compromises the intended meaning. This study examined three German to English translations of the German fairy tale “Dornröschen” (tr. “Sleeping Beauty”), evaluating linguistic and cultural context.

Green(leaf) Leadership: An Analysis of Patriarch Bartholomew’s Environmental Leadership
Jenna K. Slack ’12, Spanish Advisor: Dr. Perry Hamalis, Religious Studies

Over the past century, an increase in academic dialogue on leadership has grown the topic into its own discipline, developing a new language for discussing theories on leadership and the effectiveness of certain leadership practices. For example, in the 1960s, Robert Greenleaf generated the idea of servant-leadership, a leadership model practiced by people who embody a deep-seated desire to serve others. In 2002, Larry Spears refined Greenleaf’s concept of servant-leadership with 10 specific characteristics that promote the needs of others before those of their beholder. Based on these 10 defining characteristics of servant-leadership, this paper analyzes the leadership style of one of today’s most influential Christian figures and leaders on environmental issues, The Ecumenical Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church, His All Holiness Bartholomew I. The paper concludes that Bartholomew succeeds at nine of Spears’ 10 servant-leadership requirements and discusses the implications of these results on his effectiveness as a leader.

Iconography in Greece as an Interpretive Lens for Broader Social Issues
Alexis Smith ’12, Social Science/History Advisor: Dr. Perry Hamalis, Religious Studies

Challenges exist as Greece tries to balance its historical ties to Orthodox Christianity with the principles of religious freedom and church-state separation expected of European Union-member states. My project illuminates these challenges by taking an uncommon approach: studying religious art within Greece’s culture and public sphere. Through an analysis of historical/theological sources defending religious icons (Orthodox) and critiquing religious icons (Protestant and Muslim), as well as through interviews of experts on Greek Orthodoxy and surveys of non-Orthodox students in Athens, I present core components of the views of Orthodox Christian citizens of Greece and non-Orthodox people living in Greece regarding the public prominence of Orthodox icons. Finally, I outline ways in which the attitudes of Orthodox and non-Orthodox toward icons reveal some of the historical and cultural roots of the tensions regarding Greece’s place within the EU, among Greeks and non-Greeks alike.

Fulfilling Their Glorious Duty: The German Women in Nazi Propaganda Cydney Stasiulis ’11, Anthropology, History Advisor: Dr. Bruce Janacek, History
The utilization of propaganda was critical in the Nazi party’s rise to power and in maintaining the support of the German public. While Nazi propaganda has been thoroughly researched, there has been little analysis of how the Nazis attempted to target German women through propaganda. This paper relies on a German propaganda archive to analyze the types of propaganda created for women, the messages it conveyed and how the Nazis utilized propaganda to maintain the support of German women. This paper finds that the Nazis focused on women’s natural roles of mothers, housewives and protectors of the Aryan race to create female centric propaganda. Using these roles, the Nazis appealed to women by glorifying their natural duties, magnifying the role of women in the success of the Nazi party, and creating an ideal image of the female that could be altered and manipulated to fulfill the needs of the state.

Nintendo-Life, Enhanced: Marketing Video Games in an Age of Health Consciousness
Jon B. Tinman ’11, Marketing Jessica Reynolds ’11, Psychology Brett Hulett ’11, Marketing Dana Schlusemann ’11, Marketing Michael Gongol ’11, Marketing Advisor: Mr. Brian Hanlon, Marketing

As the $13 billion video game industry adapts to a culture more concerned with health and physical activity, industry leaders, such as Nintendo, are seeking inventive ways to better understand these emerging markets. By answering an invitation from Nintendo Inc. to all American Marketing Association chapters, research was conducted via focus groups and online surveys, with particular attention to the target market of nongamers in order to better understand gaming trends as well as consumers’ perceptions of video gaming. Research outcomes suggested that most nongaming individuals have certain nostalgia for games they played as children, and video game consoles are often used as general entertainment consoles by the whole family, rather than by individuals playing by themselves. Research procedures relied heavily on academic concepts of various marketing theories.

The Relationship Between Edward Jacobson and President Harry S. Truman and its Influence on the Arab/Israeli Conflict in Palestine
Rachel Vlcek ’11, History Advisor: Dr. Bruce Janacek, History

There have been many explanations as to the level of involvement the United States had in the decision to partition Palestine and create the new state of Israel. This study examines the influence of the relationship between President Harry S. Truman and Edward Jacobson. Their relationship was established during World War I and lasted until Jacobson’s death. By examining the letter correspondence and personal diary entries of Truman and Jacobson, there is evidence that the relationship influenced Truman’s decisions regarding the partition of Palestine. The correspondence also shows how Jacobson used his relationship with the president to help the Zionist movement by setting up meetings between the president and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, a Zionist leader.

Materialism, Priming, Work Values & Self-Determination
Melissa Warren ’11, Psychology Sherry Klinger ’10, Psychology, Sociology Advisor: Dr. Karl Kelley, Psychology

Self-determination theory addresses how individuals create aspects of their personality and regulate their behaviors. One of the core ideas of this theory suggests that our motivational perspective (internal or external) influences how we think of ourselves and pursue goals. In this project, we examined how media messages can influence our motivational thinking and the subsequent effect on the evaluation of career decisions. Participants were primed by reading stories of alumni who discussed either their financial success or relationship success. Participants then read a series of vignettes about individuals making specific career choices, including a job offer, a promotion or voluntary demotion. We hypothesized that if primed for extrinsic motivation, participants will base their career choice decisions and development around extrinsic goals more than those primed for intrinsic motivation. Although the priming did not yield statistically significant evaluations, there were significant main effects for the type of decision.

Perceptions of Race in the NBA
Anna M. Wirtz, ’11, Health and Physical Education, Sport Management Advisor: Dr. Gerald Gems, Health and Physical Education

The National Basketball Association (NBA) has long been known for controversies surrounding race. There exists a stigma that identified white athletes’ and black athletes’ skill sets differently based on race alone. My research examines how consumers perceive the two races in the professional basketball arena. This study further examines the role of media and how modern media plays a role in constructing perceptions of consumers. The research has been conducted in the United States as well as Asia, the fastest-growing market for the league.

From Germany of the Cold War Era to the Middle East of 2011: The Relevancy of German Film to the Political Issues of Today
Mark A. Zajac ’12, German, Global Studies: International Business, Spanish Advisor: Dr. Gregory Wolf, German

Films are meant to do more than just entertain; they are meant to inform and provoke the thoughts of their audiences. The acclaimed German films “Der Baader Meinhof Komplex” and “Das Leben der Anderen” show how both West and East German authorities, in the name of state security, overstepped the bounds of their power in order to put an end to anti-governmental protests in the 1970s and 1980s, respectively. These films call our attention to the relevancy of these perhaps forgotten periods of German history to the present-day world. This study attempts not only to draw the connection between the abuses of power depicted in these films and those currently taking place throughout the Middle East in response to anti-governmental protests, but ultimately to show how the lessons learned from these films can be used to effectively and ethically handle the most dramatic political issues of today.